Blue Carbon Futures: Mangrove Regeneration in Vietnam, Brazil and Australia
Blue carbon refers to the carbon sequestered by marine ecosystems. Mangrove forests that occur on coastal plains are among the most efficient ecosystems in the world at sequestering carbon in living biomass and underlying sediments. Viable mechanisms are needed for accounting for mangrove blue carbon in order to offset these against carbon emissions in national greenhouse accounts.
Research is required to develop a verified carbon standard that will enable certificates to be generated based on mangrove biomass, enabling them to be traded in voluntary markets and in carbon sensitive economies.
This project currently focuses on Australia, Vietnam and Brazil, with scope to expand across the Asia-Pacific region. The focus on Australia, Vietnam and Brazil aims to capture a broad range of social, cultural, environmental, developmental and economic conditions that influence the effectiveness of operationalising mangrove blue carbon.
This research project recognises that operationalising mangrove blue carbon restoration, conservation, and management as an activity that offsets carbon emissions is complex and requires interdisciplinary approaches. The research team, led by Dr Kerrylee Rogers, includes researchers and experts in blue carbon biophysical science, law and policy, social and cultural context, and accounting and finance; and aims to make a research contribution towards understanding the challenges and opportunities for mangrove blue carbon to be included within market-based climate policy and for mangrove blue carbon measurement methodologies to be applicable within nations and across national jurisdictions.
Dr Kerrylee Rogers is an environmental scientist and ARC Future Fellow in the Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health who specialises in understanding the contribution of coastal ecosystems to climate change adaptation and mitigation. Her research focuses on the vulnerability of coastal carbon sinks; with a particular focus on mangrove and saltmarsh carbon sequestration and resilience to sea-level rise in Australia and Vietnam. She recently co-authored a paper in Nature titled The vulnerability Indo-Pacific mangrove forests to sea-level rise.
Dr Jennifer Atchison is Senior Lecturer and course director in Faculty of Social Science. As an interdisciplinary researcher, she has expertise in providing innovative perspectives on the human dimensions of global environmental change. She has published on Indigenous plant management, invasive species policy, farming and climate change and human nature relationships. Her current research interests include mapping the social and cultural dimensions of rapid vegetation change in Northern Australia.
Dr Olivia Dun is an Associate Research Fellow in the Faculty of Social Science. She is a human geographer with a background in environmental science, migration studies and international development. She researches social aspects of environmental issues, including how social and cultural relationships with nature can shape and influence environmental protection and agriculture. Her research focuses on the impact of environmental and agricultural change in coastal areas of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, and the ‘PetaJakarta’ project, which is assessing the role of social media for civic co-management during monsoon flooding in Jakarta, Indonesia.”
Associate Professor Quentin Hanich leads to Fisheries Governance Research Program at the Australian National Centre for Ocean resources and Security (ANCORS). He has extensive project management experience in fisheries governance, marine conservation and fisheries and management development, and has worked widely in the Asia-Pacific region. Current research projects focus on equitable and community based approaches to coastal and marine resource management.
Associate Professor Mary Kaidonis is an academic in the Faculty of Business with 30 years’ experience in public practice and industry. Her research is informed by interdisciplinary perspectives to understand accounting in its environmental, organisational and social contexts. Recent research topics include sustainability and accounting, carbon pricing, rehabilitation of mining sites, mining in developing countries.
Professor Robin Warner is Professor at the Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS) University of Wollongong. She is an international lawyer with particular expertise in law and policy frameworks for climate change mitigation activities based on the ocean and conservation of marine biodiversity. She was lead editor (with Professor Clive Schofield) of Climate Change and the Oceans. Gauging the Legal and Policy Currents in the Asia Pacific and Beyond (2012) and author of a number of journal articles and book chapters on climate change mitigation activities involving the ocean.
Professor Colin Woodroffe is a coastal geomorphologist in the Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health who has specialised in researching shoreline change on tropical coasts. He has studied mangrove forests in northern Australia, the West Indies, New Zealand, Vietnam and many islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. His research includes measuring the biomass and productivity of mangroves and determining the sedimentation rates within estuaries and coastal plains. He was a lead author in the 2007 IPCC Fourth Assessment report and has focused on the vulnerability of coastal ecosystems to sea-level rise.